Scotland aims at shifting to 100% renewable electricity by the end of the decade and having extra green power to supply across the United Kingdom. It is considered as a very ambitious target since the european target is renewables to account for a 20% of the energy mix by 2020.
The expansion of green power is essential for Scotland’s energy security, economic prosperity, and environmental sustainability, as First Minister Alex Salmond said. Moreover, Mr Salmond said the new target would improve Scotland’s transformation to a low carbon economy, reinforcing the strong domestic leadership that will see the country’s greenhouse gas emissions reduced by 42 per cent by 2020 and continuing the global leadership that has seen Scotland at the forefront of the fight for climate justice
But is this target achievable? Scottish Power (IBE.MC) said that the target can be achieved if British and Scottish governments support their commitments. Also, a notable acceleration in the level of investment along with government subsidies are necessary. Britain supported renewable energy sector during 2010-2011 with 1.29 billion pounds through renewable obligations certificates, of which 134 million pounds were given to Scotland. Moreover, EU funds can also be used, provided EU member states agree development of Scottish renewables is sufficiently strategic.
We cannot say anything about the outcome of Scotland’s independence referendum of 2014 but in the future possible we can consider Scotland as energy independent country.